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Citation & Documentation

MLA Works Cited

Things To Know

Visit the Understanding MLA Works Cited page before this page to understand the container system.

When creating a Works Cited page, you'll need to use hanging indents on your citations. Not every example on this page has a hanging indent due to our interface - please see here for instructions.

Look carefully for dates on pages. If you can't find a date or year, use "n.d." 

Don't forget to alphabetize. If the source does not have an author, use the first letter of the title. 

One author

Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title. Publisher, Date.

Francke, Arthur E. Volusia: The West Side. Volusia Historical Society, 1986. 

Two authors

Last Name, First Name, and First & Last Name. Title. Publisher, Date.

Dorris, Michael and Louise Edrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999. 

Three or more authors

1st Author’s Last Name, First Name, et al. Title. Publisher, Date.

et al means "And others" in Latin.

Charon, Rita, et al. The Principles and Practice of Narrative Medicine. Oxford UP, 2017.


Author last names, et al (if applicable). Title, publisher, year. 

Lunsford, Brody, Ede, et al. Everyone's An Author: With Readings. W.W. Norton, 2013. 

Work in a textbook or anthology

Last Name, First Name. “Title of Work.” Title of Book, edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Date, Page range of entry.

Homer. "The Odyssey." Translated by Emily Wilson. Norton Anthology of World Literature, edited by Martin Puchner, Suzane Akbari, et al, 4th edition, W.W. Norton and Company, pp. 436-472.

O'Brien, Tim. "The Things They Carried." Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, and Drama, edited by Robert DiYanni, 6th ed., McGraw Hill, 2007, pp. 684-97.

Book by Editors

Author first and last names, editors. Title of work. Publisher, year. Database, link/URL. 

The database and link will apply for electronic materials found through the DSC Library. EBSCO is the database in this context. 

Scharm, Heike, Matta-Jara, Natalia, editors. Postnational Perspectives on Contemporary Hispanic Literature. University Press of Florida, 2017. EBSCOhost, direct=true&AuthType=shib&db=nlebk&AN=1593259&site=ehost-live. 

No author

Title of Book. Publisher, Date. List other containers as needed. 

Beowolf. Translated by Allan Sullivan and Timothy Murphy, edited by Sarah Anderson, Pearson, 2004.

Encyclopedia of Indiana. Somerset, 1993.


Organization Name. Title. Publisher, Date, URL (if applicable). 

Prologue Magazine. Exploring the United States Constitution. National Archives, 2010.

Short Stories 

Author. "Title of Short Story". Title of Collection, editor(s), year, page numbers.

Hemingway, Ernest. “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place.” The World’s Greatest Short Stories, edited by James Daley, 2006, pp. 222-226. 


Author. Title of story. Narrator, audiobook ed., Publisher, year. 

Luceno, James. Tarkin: Star Wars. Narrated by Euan Morton., audiobook ed., unabridged ed., Random House Audio, 2014.  

Poem from Collection

Author, "Title of Poem". Title of Collection, editor/author, edition, volume, publisher, year, pages. 

Marvell, Andrew. “The Mower’s Song.” The Norton Anthology of English Literature, M.H. Abrams, general editor, 10th ed., vol. 1, W.W. Norton, 1979, p. 1368. 

Have an example of something you'd like to see added to our list? Let us know! Contact the Writing Center. 

Things To Know

Access dates are not required, but can be helpful for sources with content that may change or update frequently. Your instructor may specifically request access dates, so keep that in mind while researching.


Tip: Use Shift + Enter to break up long URLs on your reference and Works Cited pages.

Work on a website (with an author)

Last Name, First Name. “Title of Page.” Title of Website, Publisher, publication date, URL.

It is common for the website title to be the same as the publisher. 

Devine, Dan. "Giannis Antetokounmpo Has Reached the NBA’s Mountaintop." The Ringer, SB Nation, 20 July 2021,

Page on a Website (with no individual author)

"Title of Page." Title of Website, Publisher, publication date, URL.

Website titles and publishers can sometimes be the same, as seen in example 1. 


"Dutch Masterpieces at the Met." Met Museum, 21 July 2021,

Page on a Website (with a corporate or organizational author)

Author. "Title of page." Title of website, publisher, publication date, URL. 

If the Author is the same as the publisher, you do not need to list it twice. This is common on organizational websites. 

“Geology at Florida State Parks.” Florida State Parks, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, 2018,  

Day One Team. "Introducing Amazon Salon." Amazon Day One Blog, Amazon, 22 Apr. 2021, 

Document on a Website

Tile of Document. Publisher, date. Link.

List a specific author if the document has one. If not, find the organizational author or publisher (they are sometimes the same). 

Executive Summary: Volusia Blue Springs Restoration Plan. Howard T. Odum Florida Springs Institute, June 2018. 

Press Release 

"Title of release." Name of Organization, publisher (if needed), publication date, URL.

"Daytona State College Schedules Re-Dedication Ceremony for J. Griffen Greene Center." Daytona State College, 16 Feb. 2021, "

A Blog

Be sure to understand the difference between a Blog and a possibly more credible website as a source for information. Blogs can be great sources, but they can range from trustworthy to sloppy and untrue.

Author. "Title Of Post." Name of Blog, date, link. 

Jane, Sarah. "I've Been An Expat In Croatia For 8 Years." Chasing The Donkey, 13 May  2021,

Things To Know

You'll often find a 'Cite" button within a database or library system. These citations can be useful, but always double check that the information and structure is correct. 

Database links in the URL bar can be very messy. Look for a 'Link' or 'Permalink' button on your article to use instead. 

TipUse Shift + Enter to break up long URLs on your reference and Works Cited pages.

The Library has access to many live databases of published newspapers, magazines, and articles, including all Florida newspapers. This is a great way to read material you may not have paid access to. The 'DOI' is a virtual fingerprint for an item on a database. 

Access dates are not required, but can be helpful for sources with content that may change or update frequently. Your instructor may specifically request access dates, so keep that in mind while researching.

Articles can have many authors. Consult with your professor, but typically, MLA recommends any works with more than three authors to use 'et al' after the first author.

Newspaper or Magazine Article from Database 

Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Periodical Title, publication date, URL. 


Mirabella, Lorraine. "National Aquarium will move dolphins to seaside sanctuary." The Baltimore Sun, 14 June 2016, p. 1. NewsBank: America's News, 

Article accessed in Database

Last Name, First Name of Author(s). “Title of Article.” Periodical Title, volume number, issue number, publication date, page range of entry. Name of Database, doi:0000/00000 or or article URL if DOI is absent.


Ormond, Barbara. “Enabling Students to Read Historical Images: The Value of the Three-Level Guide for Historical Inquiry.” The History Teacher, vol. 44, no. 2, 2011, pp. 179–190. JSTOR, Accessed 29 July 2021.


Kruszecka-Krówka, Agnieszka, et al. “Determinants of Parental Satisfaction with Nursing Care in Paediatric Wards-A Preliminary Report.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 16, no. 10, May 2019. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3390/ijerph16101774.


News Article

Last name, First Name of Author. "Title of Article." Periodical Title, date, link.

In this first example, the Orlando Sentinel obtained this article from an Associated Press Writer. Both are given credit.

Koenig, David. "United Airlines will require US employees to be vaccinated." Orlando Sentinel, Associated Press, 6 Aug. 2021, 

Hume, Jerry. "Boaters look at alternatives with shortage problems." Spectrum News 13, 4 Aug. 2021, 

NOTE: Always provide a URL or DOI (digital object identifier) if you access a source online!

Things To Know

Access dates are not required, but can be helpful for sources with content that may change or update frequently. Your instructor may specifically request access dates, so keep that in mind while researching.

If your social media platform is not listed here, you can follow the general format for virtually any network.


Twitter handle and/or author, Entire tweet. Platform, date, link. 

Twitter links are best obtained by using the share button.

Daytona State Falcons [@DSCFalconSports]. "Congratulations to Jackson Makoi who was recently selected as the NJCAA Division I Player of the Week and today was also named the FCSAA Central Conference Player of the Year." Twitter, 1 Apr. 2021,


Ron DeSantis [@GovRonDeSantis]. "In June, Florida gained 69,300 private-sector jobs — that’s 14 consecutive months of private-sector job growth and the largest monthly increase of the year." Twitter, 16 July 2021,


Instagram handle or author. Caption preview or title. Platform, date, link. 

Instagram links can be obtained on your mobile device or web browser (use the three dots). 

@dscwritingcenter. “Today, we want to highlight two of our graduating Peer Tutors...” Instagram, 12 May 2021.  


Cristiano Ronaldo [cristiano]. Team photo after Euro 2020. Instagram, 28 June 2021,


Facebook author. Caption preview or post description. Platform, date, link.

Facebook links are best obtained by using the Share button. This will create a cleaner link. 

City of DeLand, FL. "We'd like to welcome Public Services Director Chad A. Gamble to the DeLand Family."  Facebook, 14 July 2021,


Heidi Hezberg, Mayor of Deltona. "Great forum on commercial, residential and industrial values in Volusia County!" Facebook, 3 June 2021,


TikTok handle or author. Caption preview or post description. Platform, date, link. 

Daytona State [daytonastate]. "Freddie’s ready to move in!". TikTok, 13 July 2021,

Things To Know You can use the "Share" button on a video, song, or page for a clean and shorter link. 
Youtube or Online Video

"Name of video." Youtube, uploaded by channel name, date, link.

"2021 Athletic Awards - Daytona State College Falcons." Youtube, uploaded by Daytona State College, 15 June 2021,

Author (if available). "Name of video." Youtube, uploaded by channel name, date, link.

Brownlee, Marques. "5G - Explained!" Youtube, uploaded by Marques Brownlee, 19 Aug. 2019, 


Name of movie, Director, performances (if relevant), distributor or producers, year of release. Online service, app, or link (if needed). 

The Lighthouse. Directed by Robert Eggers, performances by Robert Pattinson and William Dafoe, A24, 2019. 

Terminator 2: Judgement Day. Directed by James Cameron, TriStar Pictures, 1991. Netflix app. 

Television Episodes

Name of episode. Name of show, creator, season and episode, publisher or producer, date. App or website (if needed). 

"Welcome to the Treehouse." The Neighborhood, created by Jim Reynolds, season 3, episode 12, CBS Studios, 15 Mar. 2021. 

"Chapter One: The Vanishing of Will Byers." Stranger Things, created by the Duffer Brothers, season 1, episode 1, 21 Laps Entertainment, 15 July 2016. Netflix,

Online Presentation

Speaker. Tile of presentation, publisher, date, link.

Munakata, Yuko. "The science behind how parents affect child development." TEDxCU, 2019 Apr.,

Published Image

Be sure to look for the photographer credit in the caption of the picture if needed.

Last name, first name. Photograph of ____. "Name of page," author of page, date, publisher, link.

Heon-Kyun, Jeon. Photograph of Hidilyn Diaz. "Weight lifter Hidilyn Diaz makes history, securing the first Olympic gold for the Philippines," by Hannah Beech, 26 July 2021. New York Times,

Last name, first name. Name of piece. Year, location/source, link or city. 

Bearden, Romare. The Train. 1975, Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

Van Gough, Vincent. Portrait of Joseph Roulin. 1889. MOMA,

It's a good idea to show or link to a political cartoon you are referencing.

Last name, first name. Cartoon or name of cartoon. Publisher, year, link. 

Hands, Phill. Cartoon. Wisconsin State Journal, 2019.


Artist. "Song name." Album or EP name, music label, year. Link or platform.

Loggins, Kenny. "Danger Zone." Top Gun, Columbia, 1986. Spotify app. 

Kelley, Brian. "Beach Cowboy." BK's Wave Pack, Big Machine Records, 2021. Youtube,

Monáe, Janelle. "Don't Judge Me." Dirty Computer, Bad Boy Records, 2019.  Soundcloud, 


Last name, first name of host. "Episode title." Name of Podcast, publisher, date. Platform, app or website.

O'Brien, Conan, host. "Daniel Radcliffe." Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend, EarWolf, 18 July 2021. Apple Podcasts app.


Things To Know

You can filter your library searches to exclusively find Government Publications.

Pay close attention to what office(s) or department is writing or publishing the work.

Government Publication (Books, Published Reports, etc).

Government Author. Title of Publication. Year. Publisher, date, link (if needed).

New York State, Committee on State Prisons. Investigations of New York State Prisons. 1883. Arno Press, 1974.

Government Document

Title of Document. Name of Government Agency, Department, Committee, or Office, publication date, link.

Background on the THRIVE Act. House Committee on Veteran's Affairs. Office of Rep. Mike Bost, 20 Apr. 2021, 

Identification of Critical Teacher Shortage Areas. Florida Department of Education, Feb. 2021,

Government Websites and Pages

Name of website. Name of publishing department, agency, office, etc., year, link. 

Elder Justice Initiative. U.S. Department of Justice, 2021,  

Government Author. "Name of page." Name of website or publisher, date, link. 

If you are citing many pages from the same government area, consider starting your citation with the article name.  The rest of the information remains the same. 

U.S. Department of Justice. "Victim Specialists." Elder Justice Initiative, 2021, 

State Construction Office. "Construction Support." Florida Department of Transportation, 2021, 

Government Bill 

Governmental creators. Name of bill. Name of website, link, session information (if needed). 

United States, Congress, House. Improving Broadband Access for Veterans Act of 2016., 144th Congress, 2nd Session, House of Resolution 6394, passed 6 Dec. 2016. 

U.S. State, Legislature. Name of bill. Drafters of bill, date, link. 

Wisconsin State, Legislature. Senate Bill 5. Wisconsin State Legislature, 20 Jan. 2017,

Governing Document 

Name of document (treat it like a book title). Container name, publisher, date, link. 

The Constitution of the United States: A TranscriptionNational Archives, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, 28 Feb. 2017,


Things to Know

Be sure to cite the Bible or other religious text in your writing carefully. Specify which version of the Bible in your first in-text citation, and use the correct chapter and verse numbers.

It is simply and powerfully declared by Christ when he states, "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends" (King James Bible, John 15.13.)  

John of Patmos echoes Ezekiel when describing his vision (Rev, 4.6-8). 

Named Versions (General Bible)

Title, Version Information, publisher, year. 

The Bible. Authorized King James Version, Oxford University Press, 1998.

The Bible. Authorized King James Version (Oxford World's Classics), edited by Robert Carroll and Stephen Prickett, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Study Bible 

Title, editors, publishers, year.

The New King James Version Study Bible. Edited by Earl. D. Radmacher, Ronald B. Allen, and H. Wayne House, Thomas Nelson Publishing, 2018. 

 The Qur'an

You may not need to provide a works-cited-list entry for the Qur’an, whether you cite it from memory or from a printed source, since the text of the Qur’an in the original language does not vary. (MLA Blog).

If you use an outside translation, you may wish to include a Works Cited entry.

The Qur'an tells us to "take care of our souls" (Al-Ma'idah 5.105). 

The Qur'an. Translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, Oxford UP, 2015. 

Published Interviews

Interview subject. "Title of Interview." Name of interviewer (if shared), Publisher, date, link. 

Brian Kelley. "In Conversation: Brian Kelley". Conducted by Alison Boganuro, Holler, 30 June 2021, 

Personal Interviews

Last name, first name (of subject). Interview. Conducted by your name, date. 

Smith, John. Interview. Conducted by Lisa Thomas, 28 July 2021. 

Personal Communication

Last name, first name. Personal communication with author, subject, etc. Date. 

Gomez, Sarah. Personal communication with author. 15 Oct. 2020.