Women and the Criminal Justice System has been thoroughly updated to reflect the continuing impact of globalization and economic insecurity on the criminal justice system, as well as the increasing feminization of poverty. The text examines the various roles of women in the criminal justice system within a social context in which women are oppressed. The text examines three roles of women in criminal justice: Women as victims of crimes; women as criminals convicted and sentenced for crimes, and women as workers in various agencies in the criminal justice system.
This book applies concepts from the three major ethical schools--virtue, formalism, and utilitarianism--to various issues in contemporary criminal justice. Sample topics include the distinction between immoral and illegal acts, the problem of police corruption, and the rationale for punishment of those convicted of crimes.
For centuries scholars have studied the possible causes of criminal behavior in the hopes of shedding light on one of society's most persistent problems. This volume examines criminology from the perspective of those centuries of study. Written by a psychologist who has worked extensively with the criminal population, it focuses on the diverse theories that have been offered and the ways in which they contribute to the modern view of the criminal.
Over the past forty years, the criminal justice system in the United States has engaged in a very expensive policy failure, attempting to punish its way to public safety, with dismal results. So-called "tough on crime" policies have not only failed to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, and victimization but also created an incredibly inefficient system that routinely fails the public, taxpayers, crime victims, criminal offenders, their families, and their communities. Strategies that focus on behavior change are much more productive and cost effective for reducing crime than punishment, and in this book, William R. Kelly discusses the policy, process, and funding innovations and priorities that the United States needs to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, victimization, and cost.
Sozer examines whether community policing reduces the crime. He finds that community policing, as implemented in the U.S., does not reduce crime and that it, unfortunately, does not, in practice, involve the community. Although community contribution and participation are considered to be the most important dimensions of community policing, they are the least practiced ones. In practice, the implementation of community policing is no different than traditional policing. On the other hand, community dynamics such as residential mobility, urban population, and poverty are stronger factors.