Essay Prompts have keywords that indicate writing aims. Identifying these keywords will help you choose a writing style, understand the audience, and develop better organization.
Example: Analyze Billy’s actions and how they resulted in his death.
This is not asking the writer to summarize. The writing asks for interpretation of his actions and explanation in greater detail how they contributed to his end.
Example: Argue against Becky’s decision to save John’s life.
Use evidence from the text, from research, and persuade the reader of the choice.
Example: Contrast John’s views on rattlesnake first aid in comparison to Billy’s.
How are their ideas on first-aid different?